H. campechianum is a shrub or small tree widely grown commercially for its Cymbosepalum baronii Baker; Haematoxylon campechiaum L. Use: The extract is a purplish-red natural dye obtained from the Logwood tree. The logwood tree is a spiny tropical American tree (Haematoxylon. Description. Campeche is a fast growing ornamental tree that can reach up to 50 feet in height. It produces numerous delicate round leaflets and extremely.

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You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. Flora of Australia, Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. The name logwood is sometimes applied to bluewood Condalia hookeria tree of the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae native to southwestern North America.

Random House Publishing Group. Comparative floral development and evolution in tribe Caesalpinieae Leguminosae: This page was last edited on 6 Januaryat By using acmpechianum site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Description Haematoxylon campechianum flofru.

The bark and leaves are also used in various medical applications. Fabaceae, which is the third largest family among the angiosperms after Orchidaceae orchid family and Harmatoxylon aster familyconsists of more haematxylon genera and about 20, species of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs and is…. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Dyes differ from pigments, which haematoxylkn finely ground solids dispersed in a liquid,…. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield Venezuela: At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

Logwood extract haemateinlargely used in calico [cotton dress material printing, is obtained from the chips that are oxidized by the haematein, by lixiviation leachingthe solution being concentrated at as low a temperature as possible.


A large export trade of logwood of good quality is carried on from Honduras and Jamaica. However, from to in England the use of this species was prohibited by legislation to protect dyes already in use there.

It may also refer to members of the haematoxyylon Xylosmawhich is part of the willow family, Salicaceae.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The main compounds discovered in campeche include acetic acid, ellagic acid, ethyl gallate, haematoxylin, haematoxylol A, myricetin, oxalic-acid, phlobaphane, quercetin, resin, tannin, and tetra-o-methylhematoxylol-B. In its time, logwood was considered a versatile dye, naematoxylon was widely used on textiles and also for paper. SOrry for the delay in replying to you.

The following other wikis use this file: In Southeastern Asia and Africa, H. Outside its native range, this species is able to grow in disturbed secondary forest, along roadsides, riverbanks, lowland dry forests, urban forests, and seasonal waterlogged areas Seegeler, ; Wagner et al.

The small yellow flowers grow in a cluster from the leaf axil upper angle between branch and leaf stem and produce long flattened pods that are pointed at both ends.

Haematoxylum campechianum (logwood)

Further investigation is needed. Small, bushy thorny, gnarled shrub or tree up to 15 m tall; trunk irregularly fluted and contorted, attaining a length of m and a diameter of 60 cm, bark grey to brown, rather smooth, peeling in flakes. A leader in creating a world-wide market for the important medicinal plants of the Amazon since Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, pp. Fratres Borntraeger, pp.

File:Haematoxylon campechianum flofru.jpg

Heartwood is mechanically strong, resistant to decay, and less easily penetrated by wood-preservative chemicals than other types of wood. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar. This tropical hardwood was introduced into Europe as a dyeing agent for textiles soon after the discovery of America in the ‘s. I, the copyright holder campechiznum this work, hereby publish it under the following license:. National Tropical Botanic Gardens, pp.


Frantz Smith April 16, A Global Compendium of Weeds. Chipped logwood is moistened with water and spread in thin layers until a gentle fermentation sets up, whereby, under haemaatoxylon influence of liberated ammonia, haematoxylin is formed from the glucoside. The distribution in this summary table is based campechiznum all the information available. The Republic of Pirates: If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file.

Views Read Edit View history. Brownish when neutral, it becomes yellow-reddish under acidic conditions and purple when alkaline. Thus, the English, Scottish and Welsh pirates and buccaneers who roved the Caribbean, looking for Spanish ships to loot, around early s, decided to settle in Belize when they felt that it was in their best interest. The extract campechianjm once used camprchianum a pH indicator. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Reproductive Biology Flowers in H.

The wood, deprived of its bark and sap-wood, is sent the market in the form of large blocks and billets.

File:Haematoxylon campechianum wholetree.jpg

You may gaematoxylon so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. Haematoxylum campechianum blackwoodbloodwood treebluewoodcampeachy treecampeachy woodcampeche logwoodcampeche woodJamaica woodlogwood or logwood tree [1] is a species of flowering tree in the legume family, Fabaceaethat is native to southern Mexico and northern Central America. Please read the Conditions of Useand Copyright Statement for this web page and web site.

Fabaceae is one the largest families of flowering plants.