PDF | A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one. Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine-Al-qanun fi al-tibb. The oldest copies of the second volume of ” Canon Of Medicine ” () by Abu Ali Ibn Sina, known in the . A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

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His philosophical views have engaged the attention of Western thinkers over several centuries, and his al-hibb have been among the most important sources in philosophy. As a result, it was said to be one of the most famous medical treatises in Europe, widely used in the universities of Salerno, Montpellier, Bologna and Paris up until the 17th century. Medicine is described as “hot” or “cold”, not based upon its actual temperature but with regard to how it relates to the temperament of the human body.

As long as [the soul] is in al-tjbb heart, it is quite warm, with the nature of fire, and the softness of bile is dominant.

These four spirits go-between the soul of absolute purity and the body of absolute impurity. Fevers related to serous humour Rheumatism. The gums are not full of teeth. The Canon of Medicine divides the thesis on temperaments into three subsections; a general overview, one based on members of the body, and temperaments based on age. One of these aspects, however, has not been very widely discussed, namely his views on education.

The miniatures shown here are the three al–qanun stages of a physician’s visit with a patient: Further description of youth in regards to heat and moisture is given xl-qanun respect to sex, geographical location, and occupation. In the thesis on General Physiology or “The Faculties of the Body”, Avicenna separates life into three different categories: Spirit and Life – Fk Khan Museum”. Book 2 the Materia Medica of the Canon alphabetically lists about “simple” medical substances that were used at the time.


Avicenna added his own comments, highlighting differences between recipes from different sources, and sometimes giving his own wl-qanun. Other contributing factors are the youth’s association with sperm and the consistency of their bile.

The Canon of Medicine

The substances are simple in the sense of not being compounded with other substances. The period of formation of the teeth.

To this we respond by saying that some arts and philosophy have theoretical and practical parts, and medicine, too, has its theoretical and practical parts.

The division into theoretical and practical parts differs from case to case, but we need not discuss these divisions in disciplines other than medicine.

The compound intemperaments are where two things are wrong with the temperament, i. Avicenna says that the third period shows signs of decline in vigor and some decline in intellectual power. National Library of Medicine. Apart from the methodical classification and precise descriptions of aetiological factors and signs in his chapter on urinary disturbances, Ibn Sina pointed out the role of psychological factors in the treatment of certain cases of nocturnal nuresis.

Ibn Sina’s The Canon of Medicine | Muslim Heritage

Liber Canonis, de Medicinis Cordialibus et Cantica, iam olim quidem a Gerardo Carmonensi ex arabico in latinum conversa. Vital, Natural, and Animal [13].

Retrieved 6 September In other words, it is the art whereby health is concerned and the art by which it is restored after being lost. The material cause, the efficient cause, the formal cause, and the final cause: It contains some of the most illuminating thoughts pertaining to distinction of mediastinitis from pleurisy; contagious nature of phthisis; distribution of diseases by water and soil; careful description of skin troubles; of sexual diseases and perversions; of nervous ailments.

The Canon also adopted the ancient theory of Four Temperaments and extended it to encompass “emotional aspects, mental capacity, moral attitudes, self-awareness, movements and dreams”. The period up to the limit of growth of the body to the beginning of adult life. It is possible that the drug was effective because it dissolved the phlegm or removed it; when the [phlegm] disappeared the fever disappeared.


Retrieved 20 December Walking has been learnt, but is not steady. Retrieved 16 August One should be aware that the intention is something else: The Evolution Of Modern Medicine. He also wl-qanun these into vital organs and al-qanub organs.

Ibn Sīnā (c CE; c AH) – The James Lind Library The James Lind Library

Other articles Bracken MB The Canon continues to explain the sun’s position in relation to ideal temperament and the role that climate and human skin play. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Book 5 the Formulary lists compound drugs, [2] [8]: There are only four because something cannot be simultaneously hotter and colder or drier and moister.

It is a literal translation, yet most of the terms of Arabic origin that are found in it have different meanings from those of today. Obviously, Ibn Sina the philosopher has his own views on education.

Soon after, eleven complete incunables were published, followed by fourteen more Latin editions in the 16th century until Roger Bacon and the beginnings of experimental science in Britain. If some of the drugs are inadequate with regard to heat when compared to the coldness of an illness, they will not be able to effect a cure.

Both Ibn Sina and al-Razi warned against catheterization in the presence of inflammation, as it increases the swelling and pain. Avicenna credits Galen with this particular list. Avicenna in Renaissance Italy: He favoured proven remedies which had been tested through experience, cautioning that compounds could have unexpected or much stronger effects than might be expected from the effects of the individual components.